Monday, 8 September 2014

The Second Battle of Chippawa; A What if? Scenario

Our gaming group played Lundy's Lane, which ended in a draw. I opted to skip the Seige of Fort Erie as the British could not have won. After the failed Seige the British withdrew to the North bank of the Chippawa. Izard's Division marched to join Brown's division at this time. The British were outnumbered around 3 to 2 by the now professional American army. Brown proposed Izard ford the Chippawa to the West of the British and flank their fortifications while Brown's Division pinned them there. The attack preparations had begun when Izard called off the attack. Rather than have the Niagara campaign of 1814 end in a draw we fought this battle.

In our scenario the British are defeated, badly. I was playing the Light division on the left of the British position. Our entire right was routed by the Americans. Our army failed its morale check and ran.

The British did have two rocket batteries, but one blew itself up!

In the middle, the 19th Light Dragoons defeat the 2nd US Light Dragoons and pursue them off the field.

The last of the British right flees the field.

The 3rd New York Hussars and 8th New York Light Dragoons threaten the British Left.

The situation in the middle right before the British rout.

Sunday, 20 July 2014

The Battle of Lundy's Lane Wargame

Here is our Battle of Lundy's Lane wargame. As in history, it ended with a draw, in a few more turns the Americans' position would have gotten much worse.

Beginning Deployment

The cavalry melee and flank attack by the Americans. 

Both the British and the Americans get reinforcements. 

Ripley's Brigade attacks the centre, while Scott's brigade engages the light brigade on the flank.

The British lose much of the hill top, but British reinforcements have reached the area

Scott's Brigade begins to break, as US artillery positions on the hilltop.  Ripley's brigade moves into position on the hill as Hercules Scott's division attacks the other side.

Tuesday, 27 May 2014

Converting Perry 95th / KGL into Glengarry Light Infantry

For some reason I really enjoy converting miniatures. Both knuckleduster and Old Glory make these guys, but I already had the plastic 95th from the Perry plastic British anyways (and the Perry ones are so nice).

The Glengarry Light Infantry were uniformed just like the 95th but had muskets instead of rifles. They may have had the slightly smaller light infantry Brown Bess. Their Colonel (Red) George Macdonnel was painted at the time with a green pelisse with brown fur (just like the 95th). Other officers have been portrayed as wearing a a scottish style sash across the torso.

These were probably an average line unit. They were formed of Scottish Canadians in 1812. Only small detachments fought in 1813, then the whole unit fought heavily at Lundy's Lane, Fort Erie, and the almost battle of Cook's Mills (a great What If? Scenario). At Lundy's Lane they helped destroy Scott's brigade by skirmishing on their flank. They later broke from friendly fire, then retreated out of the battle behind the other British units. 

To create these I cut their rifles at an angle, then took extra gun arms from British Perry plastics and cut them the same way. They are surprisingly durable when glued ths way; more durable than my brigade games, old glory or victrix guns which break frequently. I also used the metal Perry 95th, and the 2nd KGL. The 2nd KGL have muskets and can also easily be converted. Some minor plume and shako braid trimming and you are done.

The officer of the reenactment unit is wearing a pre War of 1812 Tartelon, I don't think this is accurate. 

Colonel George Macdonnel with pelisse, visible off the left shoulder.

Sunday, 11 May 2014

War of 1812; British Specialist Uniforms

British Cavalry

19th Light Dragoons
This is the only line unit of British cavalry to serve in Canada. Three squadrons arrived in 1813, and two more in 1814; elements fought at Black Rock, Chippawa, Lundy's Lane and Fort Erie. Two squadrons fought in the Plattsburgh campaign. The only charge they did was one squadron charged one company of infantry from Scott's brigade.

14th Light Dragoons
Took part in the New Orleans campaign. Fought dismounted because they had not yet procured mounts. 

6th Inniskilling Dragoons
A detachment accompanied the British command in the invasion of the US. Perhaps 10 to 20 men.

British Artillery 
Mainly in batteries of 3 guns. Equipped usually with 6 pounders, but 3 pounders were also used in the western frontier. They were often equipped with older cannons as well, including a battery of two 24 pounders. The artillery driver role (second from right) was usually filled by Canadian Provincial regulars (called car brigades).

Royal Horse Artillery Rocket Section
There was only one detachment of Royal Horse Artillery Rockets in North America. They only arrived in 1814, and only fought in the New Orleans Campaign. There were however 2 marine rocket battery detachments; Royal Marine Rockets fought at Lundy's Lane, Lacolle Mills, The Chesapeake Campaign and New Orleans (see uniform in the Royal Marine section below).

British Marines
Two regiments if marines were formed in the peninsular war, complete with colours. These were each accompanied by a battery of heavy artillery and a battery of rockets. It was the marine rocket batteries which fought in most of the battles that had rockets in them. 

British Navy
Though the Americans had success in some small frigate actions, they spent the latter half of the war completely blockaded by the British fleet. The most significant naval actions were both won by the US navy, but on inland lakes; Put in Bay (Lake Erie), and Plattsburgh.

War of 1812; British Foreign Regiments

There were quite a few foreign regiments employed by the British in the War of 1812. Some were decent, others were of very low quality.

For record of service look here;

Swiss Regiments
These two Swiss regiments were originally employed by the Dutch, but switched to British service. They were named after their commanders. They received a bad rap for having a lot of deserters, but this was because by the War of 1812 2/3 of their numbers were made up of peninsular war captives! Mainly Polish, but also Swiss, and German. 

Regiment De Meuron

Regiment De Wattville

French POWs
Companie De Foreigners
These were French Prisoners of War. They did not do well, when used in the invasion of the USA they ran ammock, murdering and raping. They were light infantry. 

Former American Slaves
3rd Regiment of Marines
This unit was created from freed slaves. The British freed all the slaves they could in their invasion of the US. These freed slaves fought against their former captors in British service. They fought in the Chesapeake.

West Indies Regiments
These were made up soldiers of African descent from West Indies. The British thought highly of these units, and they performed well. They took part in the New Orleans campaign. There were 4 regiments that took part;the 1st West India, 2nd, 5th and Rangers (I assume rangers were light infantry)

Saturday, 10 May 2014

War of 1812 British Infantry Uniforms

War of 1812 British Uniforms
Plates from this section from Uniform Blog or Mont St. Jean 

*most of these units arrived in 1814

1st Foot 

3rd Foot 

4th Foot 

5th Foot

6th Foot 

7th Foot (Fusiliers)

8th Foot

9th Foot

13th Foot

16th Foot

21st Foot (Fusiliers)

27th Foot

29th Foot

37th Foot

39th Foot

40th Foot

41st Foot

43rd Foot (Light Infantry)

44th Foot

49th Foot

57th Foot

58th Foot

60th Foot (Light Infantry / Some Rifles)

62nd Foot

64th Foot

70th Foot

76th Foot

81st Foot

82nd Foot

85th Foot (Light Infantry)

88th Foot

89th Foot

90th Foot

93rd Foot (Sutherland Highlanders); 2 Battalions

95th Foot (Rifles)

97th Foot

98th Foot

99th Foot

100th Foot

101st Foot

102nd Foot

103rd Foot

104th Foot

4th Garrison Batallion

10th Garrison Batallion