Sunday, 15 January 2017

American Cavalry Uniforms and Models for the Battle of Bladensburg 1814

Cavalry at the Battle of Bladensburg 1814

American Militia Cavalry during the War of 1812 were wealthier men that could afford to equip themselves. The cavalry from Kentucky and Illinois wore hunting shirts, most other states had a variety of uniforms, we know the uniforms of about half of these. Overall, most uniformed cavalry had tartelans, stovepipe shakos, or a horse hair crest similar to the American line dragoons. All of the head gear used by cavalry in Europe were probably used by militia cavalry units. Companies were typically 30 to 50 men, units larger than that were almost always combined from 2 to 6 volunteer companies often all with different uniforms.

The plates shown below were created by "The War of 1812 Uniform Blog", that are relevant to the the Battle of Bladensburg. I have also included some plates from Osprey and Renee Chartrand. At the end of this post I will list what numbers I would use for 1 man equals 15 for this battle. I am using "Chesapeake Campaigns 1813-1815" as my primary source. This source contradicts every other source I have regarding the order of battle for the DC cavalry present. I am inclined to think that the other sources are correct.



Bladensburg; Second Line (Forward Left)

Maryland Cavalry; Possibly 240 Cavalry Total, 3, 4 or 6 companies
 All / most of the bits you need to make these are in the Perry British Light Dragoons plastic boxed set! It is a fantastic set.

Most of their uniforms are unknown. Maryland state rules were that cavalry were to have a fur covered tartelan, and a dark blue jacket with braiding. Though at North Point, the majority seemed to be wearing stovepipe type shakos. Militia cavalry often came up with their own uniforms.

There are 2 possibilities for the Maryland Cavalry. The first is my conjecture based on the fact the the "1st Harford County Light Dragoons" had their standard captured at the battle.
7th Maryland Cavalry District; Harford County-Lt. Col. / Major Unknown
Unknown Type; Captain Smith's Troop
Unknown Type; Captain Jenkin's Troop
Unknown Type; Captain Lee's Troop
Unknown Type; Unknown if 4th Troop existed
*As mentioned the 1st Harford County Light Dragoons definitely had their standard captured by the British at the Battle of Bladensburg, this leads me to believe that these were troops were present. Some sources specify that it was the 7th Harford County District that was present at the battle.
From; http://www.mdld.org


OR below based on The Chesapeake Campaigns by Osprey Publishing (probably incorrect)


1st Maryland Cavalry District-Lt Col Frisby Tilghman 
Unknown Type; Maj. Otho WIlliams 
Unknown Type; Captain Moses Tabb's Co.
Washington Hussars; Capt. Edward G.Williams

2nd Maryland Cavalry District
Bladensburg Troop of Horse; Capt. John C. Hebert

5th Maryland Cavalry District
Baltimore Light Dragoons; Lt. Jacob Hollingsworth
1st Baltimore Hussars; Capt. James Sterrett (uniform in plate below)

*Ether way since the uniforms for the Maryland cavalry at Bladensburg are mostly unknown, I would use the uniforms that are known for Maryland from North Point combined with state regulations.


The above two illustrations from "A Most Warlike Appearance" by Renee Chartrand, show the standard militia uniform for Maryland as well as for the the 1st Baltimore Hussars (Maryland). 

This Baltimore Maryland Hussar seems to have a fur busby. 


This painting of the Battle of North Point was created in 1814, and was considered accurate by the American General. Three of the 4 troops have stovepipe type cylindrical stove pipe type shakos, the 4th company (bottom left) seems to have a US Light Dragoon style cavalry helmet with a horse hair plume. 

Here is another contemporary drawing from the Battle of North Point showing the cavalry present. The majority are wearing stove pipe type shakos, with one company having horse hair plumes. Many companies from Maryland also would have worn Tartelans. I have not seen a contemporary drawing of the Maryland Cavalry at Bladensburg. The 5th Maryland Cavalry at North Point consisted of; the 1st Baltimore Hussars, Independent Light Dragoons, Maryland Chasseurs and Fells Point Light Dragoons. They were 140 strong. 


Perry British Light Dragoons; Use these torsos for all Maryland cavalry. Some companies had tartelans as above.

Perry British Light Dragoons; With modification, you could use the shakos above for some Maryland companies but trim off as needed. Green stuff could be used to increase the size of the plume. Alternatively, British infantry stovepipe shakos from the Perry British infantry boxed set could be used as headgear (with some additions to the plume as well).


The black uniform above shows the uniform of the Alexandria Dragoons. I would use the Perry 4th Continental Dragoons from their American War of Independence line to create these. The state regulated uniforms are at left. Black may have been a common state colour, since the District of Columbia Riflemen had black hunting frocks.


District of Columbia Dragoons; Lt.Col.John Tayloe *40 to 50 men 
Alexandria Dragoons (seen above)

Osprey lists the following units as being present. I don't think this is correct. Every other source just states 40 to 50 DC Dragoons. The Alexandria Dragoons are named in many sources, I think they were probably the only DC troop present.

OR

Total DC Cavalry (Probably NOT Present at Battle) Incorrect Information from Osprey IMO.
Columbian Dragoons; Capt. William Thornton
Washington Light Horse; Capt. Elia B.Caldwell
Georgetown Hussars; Capt. John C. Williams
Fairfax Light Dragoons; Capt. George Graham
Columbian Hussars; Capt. William G. Ridgely
Washington Troop; Unknown Command
2 Hussars, 1 Light Dragoons, 1 Dragoons, 1 Light Horse, 1 Unknown


Cavalry in Reserve
Colonel Jacinct Laval 


2nd Light Dragoons 125 to 140 men
To create these, I would use either Knuckleduster American Light Dragoons, or Brigade Games American Light Dragoons (but trim off the incorrect plume!).


Virginian Light Dragoons 100 men *Amalgamated during the battle with the 2nd Light Dragoons at the Battle
I would use the Perry American War of Independence 16th Light Dragoons




A Summary of the Cavalry Present at 1 model equals 15

Second Line; 280 Cavalry (21 models plus a command figure)
Maryland 1st, 2nd and 5th Districts; 240 men 3, 4 or 6 Companies (18 models)
2 Hussars, 2 Light Dragoons, 1 Troop of Horse, 1 Unknown
*X 6 Perry Plastic British Light Dragoons (Baltimore Hussars Uniform)
*X 6 Perry Plastic British Light Dragoons (Maryland Light Dragoons Uniform with Tartelons)
*X 6 Perry Plastic British Light Dragoons (Maryland Light Dragoon Uniform with Stove Pipe type hat)

District of Columbia Cavalry; 50 men; 1 Companies (3 models)
*X 3 Perry 3rd Continental Dragoons AWI (DC Alexandria Dragoons Uniform)

Reserve; 225 to 240 Cavalry (16 models plus a command figure)
2nd Light Dragoons 125 to 140 men; 
*X 9 Brigade Games or Knuckleduster American Light Dragoons plus a command figure. (10 total)

Virginian Light Dragoons; 100 men;
*X 6  Perry 16th Light Dragoon American War of Independence Models

*It is unclear, but it's possibly the reserve cavalry may have been combined in the second line as well.



Friday, 30 December 2016

New American Light Dragoons from Brigade Games

Here are some new excellently sculpted American Light Dragoons for the War of 1812 from Brigade Games.

Unfortunately, based on Renee Chartrand, as far as I can tell they have the wrong plume. The only manufacturer to make the plume correctly in the centre so far was Knuckleduster. The side plumes illustrated on so many plates, and on the majority of sculpts,  are based on a post war example.

Otherwise, these do appear to be excellent miniatures. They can be fixed by simply trimming off the plume. Renee Chartrand depicts them as possibly removing their plume on campaign.







Here is the correct plume on the Knuckleduster Light Dragoon.


Here are my converted (Perry) Light Dragoons. 


Here is an artists depiction based on Renee Chartrand showing the plume removed. In his book, he has a contemporary uniform plate showing the plume on the centre at the front. The campaign pants were to be blue with a white stripe, but with shortages they may have had on their white pants on campaign as shown. Renee Chartrand states the plume was possibly / probably removed for campaign. All of the surviving helmets I have seen photos of have no plume still attached.


Here is the only illustration of the American Light Dragoons from the time I have seen, from "A Most Warlike Appearance" by Renee Chartrand.



The correct plumes as shown in "The United States Army 1812-15" by Osprey Publishing. *Note that the plates in "The American War" by Osprey show the incorrect plume.


Monday, 4 July 2016

Scenario; The Flight of the Royal George


Text of the Incident From Wikipedia
A fuller account can be seen here;
http://www.warof1812.ca/kingstonharbour1812.pdf

In November 1812, Royal George was the largest warship on the lake, operating under the command of British Commodore Hugh Earl (or "Earle"). On thr 9th of November 1812, an American fleet of seven ships under the command of Commodore Isaac Chauncey surprised Royal George as she passed near the Bay of Quinte on Lake Ontario. Royal George eluded the American vessels by slipping into the North Channel between Amherst Island and the mainland as night fell, making her way into the safety of her home harbour at Kingston by 2 a.m.

The pursuit of the Royal George
The Americans captured then burned the small sloop "The Two Brothers"

The following morning, the 10th of November, the American fleet resumed the pursuit, burning a small commercial vessel near Bath and proceeding along the shore. As they approached Kingston, they came under fire from shore batteries. Chauncey directed his ship, Oneida and the other American vessels to bombard and attempt to seize Royal George within its harbour. Artillery fire from the shore batteries along the shoreline, including two batteries on Point Henry, attempted to prevent them from closing on the British vessel. Round shot from the American vessels penetrated into the town but they were unable to capture Royal George. At the end of the day, they anchored out of sight of Kingston, intending to resume their attack the next day. However, an approaching storm caused Chauncey to withdraw hack to the American base at Sacketts Harbor without seizing their prize.

Above and below; depictions of the American fleet attacking the Royal George at Kingston Harbour



This would be the only American attack on Kingston during the War of 1812 as more personnel were sent to this important military and naval centre and strong fortifications were built on Point Henry to defend the dockyards. It was the only time that shots were fired from Point Henry in its history.




Kingston during the War of 1812

Reflections
Briefly at the beginning of the war the British had dominance on Lake Ontario. Chauncy quickly balanced things out by converting merchant vessels. After this action, more troops and batteries were added to Kingston. The Americans certainly had the upper hand in this incident but were not able to capture Kingston or the Royal George. A similar incident had happened in July but in reverse, when 3 British vessels attacked the Oneida at Sackett's Hatbour. 
In Chauncy's version of events the Royal George was almost sinking but Malcolmson's "The Lords of the Lake" states it had just one 32 pound hole in the hull, but the Ameeicans had several ships with hull and sail damage as well. The Americans had lost two entire armies by this point so we're looking for good news. The British had only one killed in this incident. The Provincial Marine were inexperienced and not up for a war.  They were under Commodore Hugh Earle. Shortly afterwards the British Navy took over under Yeo. 

Order of Battle

British
Commodore Hugh Earle (Poor)
Royal George 20 Guns
20 32 pound carronades

Collin's Bay
Gunboat est. 1 24 pounder

Shore Batteries
Collin's Bay
6 Pounder

Mississauga Point
2 9 Pounders

Point Henry
2 Batteries; 2 9 Pounders each 

Point Frederick
1 Battery; 2 9 Pounders

American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey (Average)

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Hamilton 9 Guns 
8 18 pound carronades, 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Governor Tompkins 6 Guns
2 18 pound carronades, 1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 9 pounders

Growler 5 Guns
1 24 pounder (pivot), 4 4 pounders

Conquest 3 Guns
2 24 pounders (pivots), 1 6 pounder

Pert 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 4 pounders

Julia 2 Guns 
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pound (pivot)






Saturday, 2 July 2016

Ship Construction; The USS General Pike

Here is my first (almost) complete ship. I am going to add more rigging later, as well as cannons and some paint on the masts. Plus my flags are the wrong way. 


I think this one took 3 or 4 hours but I'm guessing half that long for the next ones.

In about an hour I had the hulls of the USS Madison, HMS Wolfe and HMS Royal George. 

Wednesday, 29 June 2016

War of 1812 Lake Ontario Fleets in 1815

The Lake Ontario Fleets in 1815
*For What If? Scenarios
I have found the information I was missing on the ships under construction at;
http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/Warof1812/2015/Issue24/NewOrleansClass.pdf
So here is what Lake Ontario would have looked like if the war had continued into 1815. 
I'm including the length of gun deck and "Tonnes burthen" for each. Tonnes burthen tells how much each ship can carry; basically the volume of the ship. 

British
Captain Edward Owen
Broadside Weight Up to June; 5157 Tonnes
Tonnes Burthen; 6232 t
Broadside Weight Late June On; 8133 Tonnes
Tonnes Burthen; 10 536

St. Lawrence 108 Guns; 1st Rate Ship of the Line
191 feet, 2305 t
2 68 pound carronades, 34 32 pound carronades, 34 24 pound long guns, 34 32 pound long guns

Wolfe 108 Guns (Est. June); 1st Rate Ship of the Line
191 feet, 2152 t
36 32 pound carronades, 76 24 pounders

Canada 108 Guns (Est. June); 1st Rate Ship of the Line
191 feet, 2152 t
36 32 pound carronades, 76 24 pounders

Prince Regent 58 Guns; Large 4th Rate Frigate
155 feet, 1293 t
*a razed third rate; Leander Class
4 68 pound carronades, 24 32 pound carronades, 28 24 pounders, 

Psyche 56 Guns; 4th Rate Frigate
130 feet, 769 t
28 32 pound carronades, 28 24 pounders

Princess Charlotte 42 Guns; Large 5th Rate Frigate
121 feet, 755 t
2 68 pound carronades, 16 32 pound carronades, 24 24 pounders

Montreal / Wolfe 23 Guns; 6th Rate Frigate 
101 feet, 426 t
4 68 pound carronades, 8 32 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot), 8 18 pounders

Niagara / Royal George 21 Guns; 6th Rate Frigate
96 feet, 330 t
18 32 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 18 pounders

Star / Lord Melville 14 Guns; Sloop / Brig
71 feet, 186 t
12 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Charwell / Earl of Moira 13 Guns; Sloop / Brig
70 feet, 168 t
12 24 pound carronades, 1 18 pounder (pivot)

Netley / Beresford 11 Guns; Sloop / Brig
72 feet, 142 t
10 18 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot)

American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey 
Broadside Weight Up To April; 2740 Tonnes
TonnesBurthen; 5965 t
Broadside Weight To Mid May; 4508 Tonnes 
Tonnes Burthen; 8908 t
Broadside Weight May On; 7362 Tonnes 
Tonnes Burthen; 13 431

New Orleans 106 Guns (Est. Early April); 1st Rate Ship of the Line
204 feet, 2948 t
28 43 pound carronades, 70 32 pounders, 8 24 pounders

Chippewa 106 Guns (Est. May 15th); 1st Rate Ship of the Line
204 feet, 2948 t
28 43 pound carronades, 70 32 pounders, 8 24 pounders

Plattsburgh 56 Guns (Est. May 15th); Very Large 4th Rate
180 feet, 1580 t (based on Superior)
26 42 pound carronades, 30 32 pounders, 2 24 pounders 

Superior 58 Guns; Very Large 4th Rate
180 feet, 1580 t
*this ship was the size of a razed 2nd rate or large 3rd rate
26 42 pound carronades, 30 32 pounders, 2 24 pounders 

Mohawk 42 Guns; Large 5th Rate
155 feet, 1350 t
*the size of a razed third rate
16 32 pound carronades, 26 24 pounders

General Pike 26 Gun; Large 6th Rate
145 feet, 875 t
 *razed 4th rate
24 24 pounders, 2 24 pounders (pivots)

Madison 23 Guns; 6th Rate
112 feet, 580 t
8 32 pound carronades, 14 18 pounders, 1 18 pounder (pivot)

Jones 20 Guns; 6th Rate
117 feet, 509 t
*Overgunned and unstable
16 42 pound carronades, 4 24 pounders

Jefferson 20 Guns; 6th Rate
117 feet, 509 t
*Overgunned and unstable
16 42 pound carronades, 4 24 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns; Sloop / Brig
85 feet, 262 t
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Sylph 16 Guns; Sloop / Brig
65 feet, 300 t?
14 24 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Situation by June of 1815
British
Broadside Weight; 8133 Tonnes
Tonnes Burthen; 10 536
Average Janka Hardness 1320 lbf
3 1st Rate Ships
1 Large 4th Rate Ship (razed third rate)
1 4th Rate Ship
1 Large 5th Rate Ship
2 6th Rate Ships
3 Brigs / Sloops 

Americans 
Broadside Weight 1815; 7362 Tonnes
Tonnes Burthen; 13 431
Average Janka Hardness; 1000 lbf
2 1st Rate Ships 
2 Very Large 4th Rate Ships (razed second/third rate)
1 Large 5th Rate Ship (razed third rate)
1 Large 6th Rate Ship
3 6th Rate Ships
2 Brigs / Sloops

British; 551 Guns, 11 Ships
3 Large, 3 Medium, 5 Small
Americans; 495 Guns, 11 Ships
2 Large, 3 Medium, 6 Small

Broadside Weight; British +10%
Tonnes Berthen; Americans +22%
Wood Hardness; British +32%

Both sides were lead pretty well on Ontario. They both looked for a fight when they knew they were stronger, and wisely avoided fighting when they were weaker.  The American Frigates were blockaded for the most part so crew and cannons were sent to the Great Lakes for the fleet there. The British also had a lot of Ocean going crew, marines and officers on Lake Ontario by the end of the war. 

Saturday, 25 June 2016

Ship Characteristics; War of 1812

I have been reading a lot about construction methods and cannon types for Napoleonic ships. I have also been reading through various sets of rules trying to find the right fit. I have several rule sets in the running so far.

Admirals Ability
-Within the war of 1812 the fleets would be small. Still the ability for an a commander to have a plan and then adjust the plan if necessary and then communicate new orders to the fleet if necessary was crucial. At Plattsburgh McDonough's ship placement was brilliant and would have been hard to beat. On Lake Erie, both sides were well lead in my opinion, but the Americans had a lot more cannons, ships and crew. On Lake Ontario, both sides seemed to have at least average commanders. The Americans were impressed at how well individual ships were handled as part of a fleet on Ontario. 

Ship Size and Hull Strength
-The larger the ship, the thicker the hull. This means larger ships are harder to penetrate. Better wood also helps, the British used English Oak on ocean vessels, the Americans used Live Oak for the frames  on their ocean frigates. As ships aged the wood became softer. 
-On Lake Ontario both sides used shortcuts to make vessels more quickly. The Americans used more shortcuts than the British (according to Osprey's "Great Lakes Warships") including using whatever wood was close by instead of oak. Still the American ships were larger on average which probably means they had thicker hulls, perhaps negating those shortcuts
-the Great Lakes vessels did not need copper plating which made them easier to penetrate below the water line. They were made with green / unseasoned wood, which had no effect on hardness but lasted half as long as seasoned wood.


-On the great lakes both sides had access to white oak and red oak. The Americans used a variety of wood, and the British used white oak. 

The USS Constution was the size of a British second rate ship fighting against ships half its size.
USS Constution; 207 feet long, 43.5 feet wide, 1576 tons berthen, 44 Guns
British 2nd Rate; HMS Invincible; 169 feet long, 47 feet wide, 1673 tons berthen, 74 Guns
HMS Java (the largest ship Constution fought); 152 feet long, 39 feet wide, 1073 tons berthen, 40 Guns
*The Java was 2/3 the size of the Constitution. The Constitution was three times the size of most ships it fought. It was the size of a British second rate ship but with fewer guns. The "live oak" wood was important, but more importantly bigger ships pretty much always beat smaller ships. Bigger ships have thicker heavier hulls, more crew, and generally heavier and more guns. Overall the American heavy frigates were a brilliant innovative design and they were handled exceptionally well. They changed the way wooden ships were constructed. 

Cannons vs. Carronades
-A naval long gun was much larger and heavier than a carronade but shot further and more accurately. A carronade needed less crew, but only was effective at 500 yards and under. A cannon was effective up to 1000 yards, and even up to 2000 yards. 
-ships of the era usually had a mix of both gun types. A 32 pound cannon would shoot a ball much harder, further and more accurately than a 32 pound carronade but needed more crew, powder and was much heavier. 
-a 32 pound carronade was around the same weight as a 12 pound cannon. It had a big advantage in smashing through a hull at close range over a 12 pound ball because the ball was so much bigger and heavier. A 32 pound cannon would still be superior to a 32 pound carronade at close range as well. 
-the British had found that anything past 32 pounds became very slow to load. So a 42 pound cannon would hit harder but would be slower to reload. The Americans seemed to have had more of these larger but slower loading cannons and carronades. The first broadside often determined a battle, so maybe bigger was better. 
-ships often had a long range cannon on a pivot and "chasers" for shooting ships to the front. The small number of different caliber of cannons listed as part of the ships armament were usually this kind of cannon.

Wood Hardness Scales
Janka Hardness Test

Ocean Vessels
American; Southern Live Oak; 2680 lbf (on the US Super Frigates only)
British; English Oak; 1120 lbf

British Lake Ships
White Oak; 1360 lbf
Red Oak; 1290 lbf (I don't know if they used red oak at all)
Average Hardness Perhaps; 1330 lbf (possibly 1360)
*Osprey's "Great Lakes Warships" states that the British used "more traditional wood" than the Americans. Traditionally the British used English /European Oak. The only archaeological information I have read stated that 3 wood samples from the HMS Princess Charlotte were White Oak. It's possible they were made with entirely white oak, or perhaps a combination of both red and white oak, both of which are harder than traditional woods by about 10 and 20%.

American Lake Ships
Maple; 1450 lbf *maple rots very quickly in the water
White Oak; 1360 lbf 
Ash; 1320 lbf
Red Oak; 1290 lbf
Soft Maple; 950 lbf
Elm; 830 lbf
Chestnut; 540 lbf
Pine; 420 lbf
Average Hardness Perhaps; 1000 lbf
*The Americans used a variety of wood in their ship building, though would still have used that hardest wood for framing. Overall, they would have produced softer hulls. They did have larger vessels however, which would suggsst they had thicker hulls than a British ship of the same number of guns. They would have doubtlessly used the harder wood for the framing of their ships, and the softer for the planking.

Crew
-the more crew the better. A ship with more crew can absorb more punishment and reload and maneuver more quickly. It also makes them better in boarding situations. On Lake Erie, one of the big disadvantages the British had was being under crewed. 
-experience also matters. A veteran crew will shoot more accurately and be more effective in combat. Captains that practiced more, or even shot live rounds, had better and more accurate crews
-the American crews were volunteers and the British crews were often forced to be there through impressment. Still the harsh treatment of the British of their crews seemed to get them results in the Napoleonic Wars. 

Infantry 
-ships had infantry on board to shoot at the crew of other ships and to prevent boarding. Presumably they would help man cannons, and do other roles as needed as well. The French had a lot more infantry on their ships at Trafalgar, but the British seemed to have killed them with grapeshot and canister before they could do much (though one shot Nelson). A musket was only effective at around 100 yards or less. I'm not sure how much of a difference ship infantry made compared to cannons. 


Below is an excerpt discussing the shortcuts taken in Lake Ontario ships. 






Friday, 24 June 2016

The Lake Ontario Fleets in the War of 1812

I am starting off with the Lake Ontario Fleets for my naval battles. I will list the ships here. As time went on and both sides were building larger and larger ships, the smaller former merchant ships and sloops were phased out. 

All ships not listed as merchant vessels were built previous to the war, or in the season they appear. 

June to December 1812 
*Advantage at the beginning of the war; British up until November 
British
Commander Hugh Earle

Royal George 20 Guns
20 32 pound carronades

Prince Regent 12 Guns
10 12 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Duke of Gloucester 12 Guns
12 6 pounders

Governor Simcoe 12 Guns (former merchant ship)
10 32 pound carronades, 2 12 pounders

Earl of Moira 10 Guns
10 18 pound carronades

American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey *September onwards

Madison 24 Guns (built in November)
20 32 pound carronades, 4 18 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Former Trading Vessels
The Americans towed several of the smaller vessels

Scourge 10 Guns 
4 6 pounders, 6 4 pounders

Hamilton 9 Guns 
8 18 pound carronades, 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Governor Tompkins 6 Guns
2 18 pound carronades, 1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 9 pounders

Growler 5 Guns
1 24 pounder (pivot), 4 4 pounders

Conquest 3 Guns
2 24 pounders (pivots), 1 6 pounder

Pert 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 4 pounders

Asp 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 6 pounders

Julia 2 Guns 
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pound (pivot)

Ontario 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Fair American 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot)

Lady of the Lake 1 Gun
1 9 pounder (pivot)

1813
*Advantage in 1813 except for May; Americans
British
Captain James Lucas Yeo

Wolfe 22 Guns (May)
2 68 pound carronades, 18 18 pound carronades, 2 12 pounders

Brock 23 Guns (burned at York before completion)

Royal George 20 Guns
2 68 pound carronades, 16 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Earl of Moira 16 Guns
14 24 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Lord Melville 14 Guns
12 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Prince Regent / Beresford 12 Guns
10 18 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Duke of Gloucester 12 Guns (Captured April, Burned May)
12 6 pounders

Sir Sydney Smith / Governor Simcoe 12 Guns
10 32 pound carronades, 2 12 pounders


American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey 

General Pike 26 Guns (June)
*the size of a razed 4th rate
24 24 pound guns, 2 24 pounders (pivots)

Madison 24 Guns
20 32 pound carronades, 4 18 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Sylph 10 Guns (August)
4 32 pounders (pivots), 6 6 pounders

Former Trading Vessels
The Americans towed several of the smaller vessels

Scourge 10 Guns (sunk in squall in August)
4 6 pounders, 6 4 pounders

Hamilton 9 Guns (sunk in squall in August)
8 18 pound carronades, 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Governor Tompkins 6 Guns
2 18 pound carronades, 1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 9 pounders

Growler 5 Guns (captured then recaptured)
1 24 pounder (pivot), 4 4 pounders

Conquest 3 Guns
2 24 pounders (pivots), 1 6 pounder

Pert 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 4 pounders

Asp 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 6 pounders

Julia 2 Guns (captured then recaptured)
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pound (pivot)

Ontario 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Fair American 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot)

Lady of the Lake 1 Gun
1 9 pounder (pivot)


1814
*Advantage 1814; 
April to May; British
May to Early June; Equal
June to September; Americans
September 10th On; British
British
Captain James Lucas Yeo
Broadside Weight Before Sept; 2809 Tonnes
Broadside Weight Sept On; 4373 Tonnes
Broadside Weight Dec On; 5157 Tonnes

St. Lawrence 108 Guns (September 10th)
2 68 pound carronades, 34 32 pound carronades, 34 24 pound long guns, 34 32 pound long guns

Prince Regent 58 Guns (April 14th)
*a razed third rate; Leander Class
4 68 pound carronades, 24 32 pound carronades, 28 24 pounders, 

Psyche 56 Guns (kit ship from England, December)
28 32 pound carronades, 28 24 pounders

Princess Charlotte 42 Guns (April 15th)
2 68 pound carronades, 16 32 pound carronades, 24 24 pounders

Montreal / Wolfe 23 Guns
4 68 pound carronades, 8 32 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot), 8 18 pounders

Niagara / Royal George 21 Guns
18 32 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 18 pounders

Star / Lord Melville 14 Guns
12 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Charwell / Earl of Moira 13 Guns
12 24 pound carronades, 1 18 pounder (pivot)

Netley / Beresford 11 Guns
10 18 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot)

Magnet / Sir Sydney Smith  11 Guns (Blown up to avoid capture in August)
10 24 pound carronades, 1 9 pounder (pivot)

Under Construction at the End of War
Wolfe 108 Guns (Est. June)
36 32 pound carronades, 76 24 pounders
*this is what was planned in 1813, since all ships seemed to be going with heavier guns, this may not have been the armament for these two ships

Canada 108 Guns (Est. June)
36 32 pound carronades, 76 24 pounders

American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey 
Broadside Weight; 2740 Tonnes 

Superior 58 Guns (May 2nd)
*this ship was the size of a razed 2nd rate or large 3rd rate
26 42 pound carronades, 30 32 pounders, 2 24 pounders 

Mohawk 42 Guns (June 11th)
*the size of a razed third rate
16 32 pound carronades, 26 24 pounders

General Pike 26 Guns 
*razed 4th rate
24 24 pounders, 2 24 pounders (pivots)

Madison 23 Guns
8 32 pound carronades, 14 18 pounders, 1 18 pounder (pivot)

Jones 20 Guns (overgunned and unstable) (April 10th)
16 42 pound carronades, 4 24 pounders

Jefferson 20 Guns (overgunned and unstable) (April 7th)
16 42 pound carronades, 4 24 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Sylph 16 Guns 
14 24 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Under Construction at the End of War
New Orleans 106 Guns (Est. Early April)
*I have different numbers for these 3 ships depending on the source 
28 43 pound carronades, 70 32 pounders, 8 24 pounders

Chippewa 106 Guns (Est. May 15th)
28 43 pound carronades, 70 32 pounders, 8 24 pounders

Plattsburgh 56 Guns (Est. May 15th)
*this ship would be started after New Orleans was complete. I'm assuming it would be identical to Superior
26 42 pound carronades, 30 32 pounders, 2 24 pounders 

1815
It's hard to say what a battle would have looked like. Usually only 3rd raters and up fought each other, but since these fleets were so small, the smaller ships probably would have engaged at a distance. This is a list including what was under construction in 1815. By June of 1815 the fleets are listed below. 

British
Broadside Weight; 8133 Tonnes
3 First Rate Ships
1 Large Fourth Rate Ship (razed third rate)
1 Fourth Rate Ship
1 Fifth Rate Ship
2 Sixth Rate Ships
3 Smaller Ships

Americans 
Broadside Weight 1815; 7362 Tonnes
2 First Rate Ships (larger ships)
2 Large Fourth Rate Ships (razed second/third rate)
1 Fifth Rate Ship (razed third rate)
4 Sixth Rate Ships
2 Smaller Ships
*The American ships were all razed (no upper decks), and had larger hulls at every level of size of ship, so although they look outnumbered, it may have been fairly even. It will have to be settled in game. 

British; 524 Guns
Americans; 468 Guns 
Advantage; British in Guns, but probably equal in tonnes of ships