Friday, 24 June 2016

The Lake Ontario Fleets in the War of 1812

I am starting off with the Lake Ontario Fleets for my naval battles. I will list the ships here. As time went on and both sides were building larger and larger ships, the smaller former merchant ships and sloops were phased out. 

All ships not listed as merchant vessels were built previous to the war, or in the season they appear. 

June to December 1812 
*Advantage at the beginning of the war; British up until November 
British
Commander Hugh Earle

Royal George 20 Guns
20 32 pound carronades

Prince Regent 12 Guns
10 12 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Duke of Gloucester 12 Guns
12 6 pounders

Governor Simcoe 12 Guns (former merchant ship)
10 32 pound carronades, 2 12 pounders

Earl of Moira 10 Guns
10 18 pound carronades

American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey *September onwards

Madison 24 Guns (built in November)
20 32 pound carronades, 4 18 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Former Trading Vessels
The Americans towed several of the smaller vessels

Scourge 10 Guns 
4 6 pounders, 6 4 pounders

Hamilton 9 Guns 
8 18 pound carronades, 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Governor Tompkins 6 Guns
2 18 pound carronades, 1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 9 pounders

Growler 5 Guns
1 24 pounder (pivot), 4 4 pounders

Conquest 3 Guns
2 24 pounders (pivots), 1 6 pounder

Pert 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 4 pounders

Asp 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 6 pounders

Julia 2 Guns 
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pound (pivot)

Ontario 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Fair American 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot)

Lady of the Lake 1 Gun
1 9 pounder (pivot)

1813
*Advantage in 1813 except for May; Americans
British
Captain James Lucas Yeo

Wolfe 22 Guns (May)
2 68 pound carronades, 18 18 pound carronades, 2 12 pounders

Brock 23 Guns (burned at York before completion)

Royal George 20 Guns
2 68 pound carronades, 16 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Earl of Moira 16 Guns
14 24 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Lord Melville 14 Guns
12 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Prince Regent / Beresford 12 Guns
10 18 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Duke of Gloucester 12 Guns (Captured April, Burned May)
12 6 pounders

Sir Sydney Smith / Governor Simcoe 12 Guns
10 32 pound carronades, 2 12 pounders


American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey 

General Pike 26 Guns (June)
*the size of a razed 4th rate
24 24 pound guns, 2 24 pounders (pivots)

Madison 24 Guns
20 32 pound carronades, 4 18 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Sylph 10 Guns (August)
4 32 pounders (pivots), 6 6 pounders

Former Trading Vessels
The Americans towed several of the smaller vessels

Scourge 10 Guns (sunk in squall in August)
4 6 pounders, 6 4 pounders

Hamilton 9 Guns (sunk in squall in August)
8 18 pound carronades, 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Governor Tompkins 6 Guns
2 18 pound carronades, 1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 9 pounders

Growler 5 Guns (captured then recaptured)
1 24 pounder (pivot), 4 4 pounders

Conquest 3 Guns
2 24 pounders (pivots), 1 6 pounder

Pert 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 4 pounders

Asp 3 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 2 6 pounders

Julia 2 Guns (captured then recaptured)
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pound (pivot)

Ontario 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 12 pounder (pivot)

Fair American 2 Guns
1 32 pounder (pivot), 1 24 pounder (pivot)

Lady of the Lake 1 Gun
1 9 pounder (pivot)


1814
*Advantage 1814; 
April to May; British
May to Early June; Equal
June to September; Americans
September 10th On; British
British
Captain James Lucas Yeo
Broadside Weight Before Sept; 2809 Tonnes
Broadside Weight Sept On; 4373 Tonnes
Broadside Weight Dec On; 5157 Tonnes

St. Lawrence 108 Guns (September 10th)
2 68 pound carronades, 34 32 pound carronades, 34 24 pound long guns, 34 32 pound long guns

Prince Regent 58 Guns (April 14th)
*a razed third rate; Leander Class
4 68 pound carronades, 24 32 pound carronades, 28 24 pounders, 

Psyche 56 Guns (kit ship from England, December)
28 32 pound carronades, 28 24 pounders

Princess Charlotte 42 Guns (April 15th)
2 68 pound carronades, 16 32 pound carronades, 24 24 pounders

Montreal / Wolfe 23 Guns
4 68 pound carronades, 8 32 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot), 8 18 pounders

Niagara / Royal George 21 Guns
18 32 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot), 2 18 pounders

Star / Lord Melville 14 Guns
12 32 pound carronades, 2 18 pounders

Charwell / Earl of Moira 13 Guns
12 24 pound carronades, 1 18 pounder (pivot)

Netley / Beresford 11 Guns
10 18 pound carronades, 1 24 pounder (pivot)

Magnet / Sir Sydney Smith  11 Guns (Blown up to avoid capture in August)
10 24 pound carronades, 1 9 pounder (pivot)

Under Construction at the End of War
Wolfe 108 Guns (Est. June)
36 32 pound carronades, 76 24 pounders
*this is what was planned in 1813, since all ships seemed to be going with heavier guns, this may not have been the armament for these two ships

Canada 108 Guns (Est. June)
36 32 pound carronades, 76 24 pounders

American
Commodore Isaac Chauncey 
Broadside Weight; 2740 Tonnes 

Superior 58 Guns (May 2nd)
*this ship was the size of a razed 2nd rate or large 3rd rate
26 42 pound carronades, 30 32 pounders, 2 24 pounders 

Mohawk 42 Guns (June 11th)
*the size of a razed third rate
16 32 pound carronades, 26 24 pounders

General Pike 26 Guns 
*razed 4th rate
24 24 pounders, 2 24 pounders (pivots)

Madison 23 Guns
8 32 pound carronades, 14 18 pounders, 1 18 pounder (pivot)

Jones 20 Guns (overgunned and unstable) (April 10th)
16 42 pound carronades, 4 24 pounders

Jefferson 20 Guns (overgunned and unstable) (April 7th)
16 42 pound carronades, 4 24 pounders

Oneida 18 Guns
16 24 pound carronades, 2 6 pounders

Sylph 16 Guns 
14 24 pound carronades, 2 9 pounders

Under Construction at the End of War
New Orleans 106 Guns (Est. Early April)
*I have different numbers for these 3 ships depending on the source 
28 43 pound carronades, 70 32 pounders, 8 24 pounders

Chippewa 106 Guns (Est. May 15th)
28 43 pound carronades, 70 32 pounders, 8 24 pounders

Plattsburgh 56 Guns (Est. May 15th)
*this ship would be started after New Orleans was complete. I'm assuming it would be identical to Superior
26 42 pound carronades, 30 32 pounders, 2 24 pounders 

1815
It's hard to say what a battle would have looked like. Usually only 3rd raters and up fought each other, but since these fleets were so small, the smaller ships probably would have engaged at a distance. This is a list including what was under construction in 1815. By June of 1815 the fleets are listed below. 

British
Broadside Weight; 8133 Tonnes
3 First Rate Ships
1 Large Fourth Rate Ship (razed third rate)
1 Fourth Rate Ship
1 Fifth Rate Ship
2 Sixth Rate Ships
3 Smaller Ships

Americans 
Broadside Weight 1815; 7362 Tonnes
2 First Rate Ships (larger ships)
2 Large Fourth Rate Ships (razed second/third rate)
1 Fifth Rate Ship (razed third rate)
4 Sixth Rate Ships
2 Smaller Ships
*The American ships were all razed (no upper decks), and had larger hulls at every level of size of ship, so although they look outnumbered, it may have been fairly even. It will have to be settled in game. 

British; 524 Guns
Americans; 468 Guns 
Advantage; British in Guns, but probably equal in tonnes of ships